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Yanmenguan Great Wall Pass
Yanmenguan Pass, which is also called Yanmensai or Xijing Pass, is located at the Ridge of Gouzhu Mountain of northwest Dai County in Shanxi Province. Along with Ningwuguan Pass and Pianguan Pass, Yanmenguan Pass is one of three important passes through the inner line of the Great Wall in the Shanxi section. Located at a place of strategic importance and difficult to get through, it was regarded as the principal one of the nine passes under heaven in ancient times. Many famous historical battles have been fought in the area.
Yan means 'wild goose' in English, and was so-named it because wild geese are seen flying around the pass every year. Early in the Spring and Autumn Period, King Wuling of Zhao established Yanmen County in this region. The Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) built a pass called Xitingguan Pass by Yanmen Mountain, west of the present location. In the year 1374 during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), the pass was rebuilt and moved to today's location.
Yanmenguan Great Wall Pass in Shanxi

The pass is 0.6 miles wide. There are three gates: the small north gate, west gate and east gate. The small north gate is inscribed with the three characters, 'Yan Men Guan'; the west gate is labelled 'Di Li', meaning the favorable geographical location; the east gate is labelled 'Tian Xian', translated as the unbreakable stronghold. Adjacent to the pass, lies Jingbian Temple.

The Yanmenguan Pass is being well preserved at present. It is a precious ancient military relic, attracting more and more people who visit here to recall past times.

Yanmenguan Location
Yanmenguan Travel Tips
Open Time:
Daily, 8:30 am - 4:00 pm
Ticket Price:
гд50 yuan / adult
гд25 yuan /child
Cable car :
No yet
Dai County, Datong City, Shanxi Province
Yanmenguan Great Wall Pictures
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